Around 85% of Malawi’s population lives in rural areas and they depend on subsistence farming and about 90 per cent of rural farmers still practice conversion agriculture that depends on rain fed (Dougill, A.J., et al 2016). Conversion agriculture practice with high dependence on the short rainy season renders the country very vulnerable to weather hazards. Erratic rainfall, increased water scarcity, rising temperatures and extreme weather events such as floods and droughts which have increased in magnitude and frequency. Despite the efforts made by Malawi government and development partners to mitigate the impacts of climate change and variability in Malawi over the years, but little has been done to build adaptive capacities among the small holder farmers that result in low production. This have increased number of the poor in Malawi, especially women still suffer from hunger, malnutrition and food shortages yearly. Despite Women make up almost half of the agricultural labor force in many districts of Malawi, but their production is limited by barriers to finance, inputs, extension services and land rights, women remain the most vulnerable and worst affected by food insecurity. Gender inequality with respect to land and property rights has been entrenched by existing laws and customary laws in the area, which confer land titles and inheritance rights upon male family members only, with females being dependents.

Solution

It is against this where urgent ways need to be adopted to address the gap. Therefore addressing challenges surrounding food insecurity, poverty alleviation and climate change among affected women farmers require building their capacities in climate change to increase uptake of sustainable land management (SLM) practices that can provide multiple benefits including improved productivity, maintenance of ecosystem integrity and ecosystem services. Therefore SLACC strategies will be adopted. Our goal is to improve livelihood of 40,000 women’s small scale farmers in Malawi by promoting climate change adaptation strategies to improve agricultural production, enterprise development and increase access to markets in the period of January 2020 to December 2025.

Build the capacities of lead farmers and agricultural extension workers to adopt SLACC approaches thereby improving extension services to local women farmers.
Strengthening capacities of small scale farmers through the use of lead farmers and agricultural extension workers that enable them access sufficient food, income and having more control when they access these essential lifelines.
Creating market opportunities among women’s small scale farmers to ensure that crops grown are sold at good price for increasing their incomes.
Promoting environmental conservation practices among women’s small scale farmers thereby reducing their vulnerability to climate change impacts.
Introduction of new irrigation technologies to enable farmers have access to water for small scale irrigation and home use